Tips for preventing heat stroke, heat exhaution, heat rash and dehydration
By Elizabeth Quinn, About.com Guide
Updated August 14, 2011
About.com Health's Disease and Condition content is reviewed by the Medical Review Board
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Athletes are especially susceptible to heat-related illness such as dehydration, heat exhaustion and heat stroke while exercising in hot weather. Most serious heat illness in athletes can be prevented by following some basic guidelines and heeding the warning signs and symptoms. However, if these warning signs are ignored, they may progress into a life-threatening heat emergency.Common Heat-Related IllnessHeat Illness - Symptoms and SeverityNormally, our body temperature is regulated by sweating. A number of factors can limit the sweat response, including intense exercise in high temperatures or high humidity, age, obesity, fever, dehydration, illness, medications and alcohol. When an athlete develops a heat illness, it usually occurs after several hours of exertion and excessive sweating that leads, first to to dehydration, and then toelectrolyte imbalances.
To prevent heat-related illness, follow these precautions:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety, 2006.